Oklahoma's National Register of Historic Places

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ID Number 15000578
Historic Name FUKSA PORTION OF THE CHISHOLM TRAIL ROADBED
Description of Significance THE FUKSA PORTION OF THE CHISHOLM TRAIL ROADBED IS A REMNANT OF THE HISTORIC NORTH-SOUTH ROUTE BETWEEN TEXAS AND KANSAS ACROSS THE INDIAN TERRITORY (TODAY’S OKLAHOMA). IT IS SIGNIFICANT UNDER CRITERION A AT THE STATE LEVEL BECAUSE IT IS ASSOCIATED WITH EVENTS THAT HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THE BROAD PATTERNS OF OUR HISTORY. THE CHISHOLM TRAIL CORRIDOR WAS HEAVILY USED IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY BY TEXAS RANCHERS TO DELIVER THEIR CATTLE TO MARKETS AND NEW RAILROAD SHIPPING FACILITIES IN KANSAS. THREE MILLION HEAD OF CATTLE DRIVEN OVER THE CHISHOLM TRAIL BETWEEN 1867 AND THE MID-1880S SPURRED THE GROWTH OF THE MIDWESTERN MEAT-PACKING AND SHIPPING INDUSTRIES, ENCOURAGED SETTLEMENT AND RANCHING DEVELOPMENT ON GREAT PLAINS GRASSLANDS, AND AFFECTED THE EATING HABITS OF THE NATION. USE WAS NOT LIMITED, HOWEVER, TO THE CATTLE HERDS. IT IS NOT KNOWN WHEN THE FUKSA PORTION WAS FIRST USED; HOWEVER, THE FIRST DOCUMENTED USE OF THE CHISHOLM TRAIL CORRIDOR WAS IN 1861, BEGINNING THE PERIOD OF SIGNIFICANCE. AT THE BEGINNING OF THE CIVIL WAR, DELAWARE INDIAN SCOUT BLACK BEAVER LED FEDERAL TROOPS AND NONCOMBATANTS OVER THE ROUTE AS THEY EVACUATED FORTS ON THE INDIAN TERRITORY FRONTIER FOR SAFETY IN KANSAS. IN 1865 CHEROKEE FRONTIERSMAN JESSE CHISHOLM LED THE FIRST POST-WAR TRADING CARAVAN INTO CENTRAL INDIAN TERRITORY BACK OVER THE SAME ROUTE, SOON CALLED THE “CHISHOLM TRAIL.” TEXAS CATTLEMEN IN 1867 USED THE CORRIDOR TO DRIVE ABOUT 35,000 HEAD OF STOCK NORTH TO NEW RAILROAD SHIPPING POINTS AND MARKETS IN KANSAS. USE OF THE TRAIL FOR CATTLE HERDING FLOURISHED, PEAKING IN 1871 WHEN ABOUT 600,000 HEAD WERE DRIVEN TO MARKET OVER IT. CONSEQUENTLY, THE RANGE CATTLE BUSINESS BOOMED, ENCOURAGING FRONTIER EXPANSION ONTO GREAT PLAINS GRASSLANDS. HOWEVER, BY THE MID-1880S FENCES AROUND NEW PASTURES, PARTICULARLY ON LEASED INDIAN TERRITORY RESERVATION LANDS, INTERFERED WITHCATTLE MOVEMENT OVER THE CHISHOLM TRAIL. THE CATTLE TRAFFIC SHIFTED TO A NEW TRAIL FURTHER WEST BEFORE THE RANGE CATTLE BOOM COLLAPSED IN 1887. STILL, STAGE COACHES, FREIGHTERS, AND PRIVATE TRAFFIC THAT HAD SHARED THE CHISHOLM TRAIL CORRIDOR CONTINUED TO USE IT. THEN, HOMESTEADING OF THE UNASSIGNED LANDS IN CENTRAL INDIAN TERRITORY IN 1889 SAW MUCH OF THE CHISHOLM TRAIL ERASED AS SETTLERS CLAIMED AND CULTIVATED THE LAND IT CROSSED. THE FUKSA PORTION OF THE CHISHOLM TRAIL ROADBED, TOO, WAS HOMESTEADED IN 1904, CLOSING IT TO PUBLIC ACCESS, BUT IT ESCAPED DESTRUCTION.
Current Name
Address ADDRESS RESTRICTED
City BISON
County GARFIELD
Lot
Block
Current Section
Township
Range
Type SITE
Historic Function TRANSPORTATION: ROAD-RELATED
Current Function VACANT/NOT IN USE
Area Signficance 1 TRANSPORTATION
Area Significance 2
Date Prepared 2015
Year Built 1861-1895
Original Site YES
Architect/Builder
Architectural Style
Roof Material
Wall Material
Window Material
Door Material
Decorative Details
Condition
Comments
Restricted

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ID Number 15000578
Historic Name FUKSA PORTION OF THE CHISHOLM TRAIL ROADBED
Description of Significance
Current Name
Address
City
County
Lot
Block
Current Section
Township
Range
Type
Historic Function
Current Function
Area Signficance 1
Area Significance 2
Date Prepared
Year Built
Original Site
Architect/Builder
Architectural Style
Roof Material
Wall Material
Window Material
Door Material
Decorative Details
Condition
Comments
Restricted Y